International Partners In Glass Research Paper

Collaboration is key in order to address the global challenges facing our society. The University of Michigan understands that and thus partners with a number of international institutions to address critical issues through research. In particular, the university has established strong ties with universities overseas to help address critical global challenges through cross-cultural collaboration.

Beijing Institute of Collaborative Innovation

Berlin Collaborative

  • U-M signed an agreement with four educational institutions in Berlin to spearhead and provide seed funding for pilot research that cross disciplines within the social and behavioral sciences, as well as engineering and health.

Ethiopia-Michigan Collaborative Consortium

  • U-M faculty and students engage with diverse stakeholders across the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, from ministry officials and national funding agencies to universities and non-governmental organizations. The collaboration extends beyond academia through community–based research, patient care, service learning, scholarship and research.

Global REACH

  • Global REACH was created to help facilitate and promote the U-M Medical School's international initiatives in research, education and collaborations in health.

Michigan-Israel Partnership for Research and Education

Joint Institute for Translational and Clinical Research

  • Launched in 2010 with a combined commitment of $14 million, the Joint Institute sponsors high-impact collaborative research that leverages the unique strengths of U-M and Peking University Health Science Center to advance global health.

REFRESCH

  • REFRESCH received three-year funding in 2014 through the university's Third Century Initiative to find solutions to specific, solvable, scalable problems in the areas of food, energy and water. REFRESCH is currently active in Gabon, Kazakhstan and Michigan.

Shanghai Jiao Tong University

  • U-M works with Shanghai Jiao Tong University to provide seed funding for collaborative research that will develop new technologies to reduce global carbon emissions and climate impact, while creating biomedical technologies to promote human health.

Glass is for many reasons the preferred packaging material compared to alternatives such as metal, plastic and paper. Glass packaging successfully meets the packaging demands of food, beverages, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics through its clarity, inertness, gas tightness and design variety. The product is heat- and humidity-resistant, aseptic, anti-static and environmentally safe.

Glass provides optimal taste and smell protection for the contents, as well as being non-toxic to humans, animals and plants. It is made from abundant natural raw materials and its 100% recyclability is unlimited. Nevertheless, there are two challenges to be considered, namely weight and fragility.

Sometimes, weight can be considered a positive aspect of glass packaging. For example, think of the smooth texture, the reassuring heft and the feel of value when lifting a glass wine bottle. Fragility demands from us a sense of caution and delicacy – to handle with care.

However, this weight and fragility were the fundamental reasons for four well-known glass container producers and one forming equipment manufacturer to found in 1984 the research and development partnership called International Partners in Glass Research (IPGR). Two still active founding members are Nihon Yamamura Glass from Japan and Emhart Glass, Switzerland, along with Wiegand-Glas, Germany, who joined a year later.

From 2000 to 2016, IPGR has been based in Switzerland, operating under Swiss law. Since 2016 IPGR is based in Germany. IPGR pursues the membership of technologically-leading glass container manufacturers worldwide. Over the last 10 years, five additional firms have joined IPGR’s ranks: Vidrala, Spain; Gallo Glass, USA; Vetropack, Switzerland; Şişecam, Turkey and Fevisa, Mexico. The most recent member, Orora, Australia, joined IPGR in 2012.

The IPGR members represent now more than 12% of the world wide container glass production capacity.

In contrast to other renowned international federations, such as the European Container Glass Federation FEVE or the Glass Packaging Institute GPI, which represent the lobby interests of the glass container industry in Europe and the USA respectively, IPGR focuses on R&D followed by practical application. IPGR creates a vital, international research network and conducts development projects with glass container manufacturers in non-competitive markets.

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