(The tourist), Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck, EUA - Francia, 2010
Por Cristina Bringas
El turista tiene una carta de presentación tan fuerte que las expectativas de la cinta son altísimas: un reparto de estrellas y buenos actores (Angelina Jolie y Johnnie Depp), un guionista consumado (Stephen McQuarrie), un director recientemente ganador de galardones (Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck) y una historia que promete mantenerte en la orilla de tu asiento, y que -además- se lleva a cabo en una de las ciudades más bonitas y especiales del mundo: Venecia.
Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck ha ganado el reconocimiento internacional por su película anterior La vida de los otros, con la que mantuvo a su público cautivo y se postuló en la escena mundial como director. Es innegable que sabe lo que hace, sin embargo, quizá con El turista no tuvo la libertad suficiente para la creación o tal vez el género no le quedó como anillo al dedo. No obstante, ha tratado de realizar un material rescatable pese a todas las desaveniencias que le aquejan.
La película tiene una producción bastante costosa y un reparto del tamaño de Depp y Jolie, que se convierten en la carta más fuerte de todo el film y que es lo que le ha permitido mantenerse en cartelera durante ya varias semanas.
Por un lado, Angelina Jolie (Salt, Tomb Raider, Girl Interrupted), que es de reconocerse es maravillosa en las películas de acción, y que posee de un histrionismo plausible (cuando está en buenas manos), aquí es más una figura que aparece bondadosa e inocente, cuya fuerza interior e inteligencia sensual se extingue al compás de los primeros segundos de la película. Sin embargo, a pesar de esto, es una nueva oportunidad para el espectador ver a esta actriz en condiciones novedosas y de vulnerabilidad que pocas veces son exploradas.
Depp, por otro lado, descobijado de la mancuerna con Burton y apartado de la extravagancia que lo caracteriza, resulta un ser humano insípido, pero nos permite ver a un actor en otra faceta. Él es el turista, y lejos de representar un leve reto en su carrera, al menos significa un regreso del actor a sus raíces, alejadas de toda sofisticación y delirio. No está nada mal que de vez en cuando Jack Sparrow cambie de uniforme y se convierta en un ser humano convencional.
A pesar de errores de continuidad y de accidentes cinematográficos, cierto es que Venecia luce hermosa como siempre. Los hoteles y los restaurantes son lugares que cualquier espectador podría desear visitar. Recordamos así la belleza de esta ciudad italiana que Luchino Visconti inmortalizó en su obra maestra Muerte en Venecia. Aunado a esto, el guardarropa que se le ha diseñado a Jolie es para despertar el deseo de las mujeres en el mundo: cada vestido y la joyería son una muestra de la opulencia que engalada a la actriz.
Lo cierto es que, a pesar de ser una película de intrigas y acción, las secuencias de persecución y destrucción masiva no forman parte de la narrativa de esta cinta, sin embargo, se ocupa un poco más de tiempo en revisionar a los personajes principales y en visitar ciertos rincones de la ciudad. Aunado a esto, el desenredo de la trama y la participación de la inteligencia internacional van haciendo de El turista un producto entretenido.
El guión, que ha sido reescrito y adaptado por Christopher McQuarrie (The usual suspects), está basado en el libreto original de Jerome Salle, cuya película Anthony Zimmer retrata la misma historia que vemos ahora interpretada por Depp y Jolie, sólo que está adecuada a la masividad del público norteamericano.
Si bien no es una película que merezca ser galardonada, cumple el cometido de reunir a dos estrellas mundiales y capaces en una historia que promete mantener al espectador en la orilla de su asiento por casi dos horas. Por momentos consigue plasmar instantes de absoluta emoción, pero en muchas ocasiones no se mantiene a flote el tiempo suficiente.
Tal vez el proyecto haya sido demasiado ambicioso y lo que se esperaba era tanto, que los castillos imaginados se derrumbaron muy fácilmente. Lo que sí es un hecho es que muchas veces la que parece ser la combinación perfecta no da el resultado deseado y eso puede ser por factores ajenos a todas las variables.
Pese a todo, El turista se disfruta si se toma como una cinta de entretenimiento puro, tanto narrativo como para la pupila (es innegable que ver a Johnny Depp y a Angelina Jolie es algo que muchos deseábamos). Seguramente, alguna otra vez compartirán créditos y será totalmente diferente. Sin embargo, esta película formará parte de su carrera como una cinta en la que regresan a uno de los objetivos fundamentales del cine.
Veremos cuál será la próxima producción que acompañe a Florian Henckel, que seguro preparará un sorpresivo regreso que lo reposicionará en la escena internacional, no sólo como un director de películas comerciales, sino como lo que es: un autor de dramas que tocan las fibras más sensibles de la audiencia.
El turista (The tourist), EUA-Francia, 2010
Dirección: Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck
Producción: Ron Halpern, Lloyd Phillips
Guión: Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck, Christopher McQuarrie, Julian Fellowes
Fotografía: John Seale
Montaje: Joe Hutshing, Patricia Rommel
Interpretación: Johnny Depp, Angelina Jolie, Paul Bettany.
The Tourist is a 2010 American romanticthriller film co-written and directed by Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck and starring Angelina Jolie, Johnny Depp, Paul Bettany, and Timothy Dalton. It is a remake of the 2005 French film Anthony Zimmer. GK Films financed and produced the film, with Sony Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions releasing it in most countries through Columbia Pictures. The $100 million budget film went on to gross $278 million at the worldwide box office.
Despite negative reception from the critics, the film was nominated for three Golden Globes, with a debate arising over the question as to whether it was a comedy or a drama. Henckel von Donnersmarck repeatedly stated it was neither genre, calling it "a travel romance with thriller elements," but that if he had to choose between the two, he would choose comedy.
A British woman, Elise Clifton-Ward, is being followed by French police who are working with Scotland Yard under the direction of Inspector John Acheson. Acheson has spent years hunting Alexander Pearce, a lover of Elise, who owes £744 million in back taxes, and is believed to have received plastic surgery to alter his appearance. At a Parisian cafe, Elise receives written instructions from Pearce: Board the train to Venice, Italy; pick out a man; let the police believe that he is Pearce. Elise burns the note, evades the police and boards the train.
On the train, Elise selects Frank Tupelo, who is apparently an American mathematics teacher from a community college in Wisconsin. She spends much time with him, seeming to start a romance. Meanwhile, the police have managed to salvage the ashes of her burned note and assembled them to extract information regarding her rendezvous, as well as her ruse. Aware of her location, but not of the ruse, an informer from the police station communicates to Reginald Shaw, the mobster from whom Pearce stole $2.3 billion, that Pearce is traveling with Elise on the train to Venice. Shaw immediately proceeds to Venice.
Elise invites Frank to stay with her at her suite in the Hotel Danieli in Venice. Pearce leaves further instructions for Elise to attend a ball. Elise abandons Frank, who is then chased by Shaw's men. While trying to escape from them, Frank is detained by the Italian police, ostensibly for his own safety, only to have a corrupt inspector turn him over to Shaw's men in exchange for the bounty that has been placed on Pearce's head. Elise rescues Frank just before he is handed over, leading Shaw's men on an extended boat chase and finally escaping. She leaves Frank at the airport with his passport and money, urging him to go home for his own safety.
Elise is revealed to be an undercover Scotland Yard agent who was under suspension for her suspected sympathies with Pearce. She agrees to participate in a sting operation. At the ball, as Elise tries to spot Pearce in the crowd, an envelope is placed on the table in front of her, but the man disappears into the crowd. She tries to follow him through the crowd, but is stopped by Frank. Frank claims to be in love with Elise and invites her to dance with him. After the police surprise Frank, Elise reads the note. She leaves suddenly in her boat to be tailed by Shaw. Both parties are followed by the police. Frank is held handcuffed.
When Elise arrives at the destination, Shaw takes her prisoner, threatening to harm her unless she reveals the location of the stolen money. The police monitor the situation inside the rendezvous room through audio and video links. Despite Elise's peril, Acheson repeatedly turns down police requests to intervene with their snipers. While the police are occupied in monitoring the situation, Frank escapes from the police boat and confronts Shaw, claiming to be Pearce and offering to open the safe if Elise is allowed to leave safely. Shaw is skeptical and makes a counter offer that Frank should open the safe if he does not want to see Elise tortured by his men. Chief Inspector Jones arrives at the police stake-out, overrides Acheson, and orders the snipers to fire, killing Shaw and his men. To Elise's obvious pleasure, Jones lifts her suspension and terminates her employment.
Acheson, receiving a message that Pearce has been found near their position, rushes to find the police have detained an Englishman. The man, Lawrence Mason, says he is a tourist following written instructions received via his mobile phone, for which he has been receiving payments. Elise tells Frank that she loves him, but she also loves Pearce. Frank then suggests a "solution" to this dilemma; to Elise's surprise, he opens the safe by entering the correct code, thus revealing that he is really Alexander Pearce. When the police open the safe they find only one cheque: It is for £744 million. Acheson prepares to chase after Pearce, but Jones overrides him, reasoning that with the taxes now paid in full, Pearce's only crime is that he stole money from a now-dead gangster. Jones orders the case to be closed, much to Acheson's frustration. Frank (Alexander) and Elise sail away.
The project went through a number of directorial and cast changes. Originally, the film was set with Lasse Hallström, with Charlize Theron playing the lead. But Hallström left, allegedly over scheduling conflicts. Bharat Nalluri then came on, as did Tom Cruise, who was later replaced by Sam Worthington. When Jolie accepted her role, so did filmmaker Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck; but he left citing "creative differences" along with Worthington. After many names were considered, including Alfonso Cuarón, Henckel von Donnersmarck returned, re-wrote the script in two weeks, and shot the film in 58 days (including 2nd unit days), with Johnny Depp taking the lead.
Henckel von Donnersmarck was assisted by stunt coordinator Simon Crane who devised the boat action sequence. In the DVD director's commentary, Henckel von Donnersmarck recounts that the film's one action sequence was devised by Simon Crane to allow for the speed limitations imposed on boats in Venice. This speed limit was strictly enforced by the Venetian authorities and there was a policeman on set at all times to make sure no wave movement would let the pillars (on which the palazzi are built) be exposed to oxygen. Henckel von Donnersmarck and Crane felt that if one boat was towing the other, this could perhaps be a realistic reason for a slow speed chase.
Filming began in Paris with Jolie on February 23, 2010, and moved to Venice where Depp joined the production on March 1.
The whole film was made in only a little over 11 months, counting from the day Henckel von Donnersmarck came on board to re-write and direct to the day of the premiere in New York. The film had to be shot so quickly because Depp had to leave for Hawaii to start filming the fourth film of the Pirates of the Caribbean franchise. The reason post-production had to happen so quickly was because all commercially interesting release dates in 2011 were reserved for the potential start of Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides. The hotel featured in the film is the Hotel Danieli.
French minister of culture Frédéric Mitterrand visited Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck on the set of The Tourist, Place Colette.
The Tourist was filmed entirely in Paris and Venice. Locations, in narrative order, include:
- Venezia Santa Lucia railway station - where Elise and Frank get off the train separately.
- Fondamenta San Giovanni (Cipriani) - Where Elise invites Frank on board the Danieli boat.
- Palazzo Pisani Moretta - the outside facade and the interior of the "Danieli".
- Hotel Danieli - all that was used of the actual hotel is the interior courtyard.
- Palazzo Benzoni - the balcony of the "Danieli" where Frank smokes an electronic cigarette.
- Marco Polo Airport - Where Reginald Shaw's (Steven Berkoff's) Gulfstream Jet lands.
- Pontile Bucintoro, Magazini del Sale - where Reginald Shaw and his men get off the plane and take the boat to town.
- The Venice Guggenheim Museum - the museum's terrace was transformed into an outdoor restaurant for the film. Here, they talk about the God Janus and being "down to earth".
- Sant' Angelo Vaporetto Stop - The water bus stop where the Russian gangsters watch Elise and Frank kiss on the Benzoni balcony.
- Mercato della Frutta, Pescheria - is the fruit market where Frank drops onto the awning.
- Marciana Library- Police Station.
- Fondamenta Rio di San Francesco della Vigna - Here Christian de Sica sells Johnny Depp to the gangsters.
- Madonna dell'Orto - The big boat chase!
- Scuola vecchia della Misericordia - is where the boat chase ends on the outside. And is where the inside of the big ball scene was filmed.
- Palazzo Loredan, Instituto Veneto - The inside of Reginald Shaw's Casino.
- Arsenale - Interpol's Venice Headquarters.
- Piazza San Marco - Frank/Alexander smokes his first real cigarette.
- Fondaco dei Turchi- where Elise enters the ball, and where the Interpol's and Reginald Shaw's boats are waiting.
- Palazzo Zeno - "Frank Tupelo" climbs over the balcony of Palazzo Zeno to enter Alexander Pearce's apartment.
- Villa Effe, Giudecca - Alexander Pearce's apartment with view of the Piazza San Marco. It is at Villa Effe that the final shootout takes place.
The film repeatedly uses symbolism revolving around the Roman god Janus.
At a dinner in Venice, Frank asks Elise about her bracelet, and she replies:
It's the Roman god, Janus. My mother gave it to me when I was little. She wanted to teach me that people have two sides. A good side, a bad side, a past, a future. And that we must accept both in someone we love.
The safe in Pearce's apartment is hidden behind a Janus-relief. Finally, it is revealed that Alexander Pearce has obtained a new face with the help of plastic surgery.
The film's Russian gangsters Virginsky (Igor Jijikine), Lebyadkin (Vladimir Orlov), Liputin (Vladimir Tevlovski), Fedka (Alec Utgoff) and Shigalyov (Mark Zak) all carry names from Fyodor Dostoyevsky's 1873 political novelDemons. First-credited screenwriter and director Donnersmarck has talked of his childhood obsession with the Russian writer, and the Dostoyevskian theme of corrupt police and government resonates throughout the entire film.
On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 20% based on 168 reviews and an average rating of 4.3/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "The scenery and the stars are undeniably beautiful, but they can't make up for The Tourist's slow, muddled plot, or the lack of chemistry between Johnny Depp and Angelina Jolie." On Metacritic, the film has a score of 37 out of 100 based on 37 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B" on an A+ to F scale.
Roger Ebert also gave the film 2 out of 4 stars. Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film 0 out of 4 stars, and put the film on his list for the top 10 worst films of 2010.
Positive English-language reviews include the Daily Mail, which gave it 5 out of 5 stars, calling the film "a glossy, sophisticated, gloriously improbable romp — escapist fun for these austere times". The film also received good reviews in the German press.
Stephanie Zacharek, a Rotten Tomatoes Top Critic, listed the film as one of her "10 Best Movies of 2010." She called it "a visually sensuous picture made with tender attention to detail and an elegant, understated sense of humor". Casey Burchby of DVD Talk acknowledged that the movie was "beautifully shot by the accomplished Oscar-winner John Seale," but that the "hastily-prepared film does not care one iota about its characters." Alex Zane of The Sun said, "If you sit back, and enjoy the eye candy of the stars and locations, at least one cold winter night might fly by."
At the 2011 Golden Globe Awards, Ricky Gervais made fun of the film while he was presenting. In a scripted, fictional encounter written by Gervais and Stephen Merchant, Johnny Depp questioned Gervais following the incident on the show, Life's Too Short. Depp reminded Gervais that the film has been very successful and had grossed $278 million. This dig from Depp was aimed at Gervais' two Hollywood films he had filmed at that point in his career, which were Ghost Town and The Invention of Lying. The films grossed $27 million and $32 million respectively.
The film was nominated for three Golden Globe Awards: Best Musical or Comedy, Depp for Actor Musical or Comedy, and Jolie for Actress Musical or Comedy. The fact that a film originally promoted as a romantic thriller was nominated for the comedy category garnered the film and the Golden Globes considerable mockery. It was later revealed that the film was originally submitted by the studio as a drama, but Henckel von Donnersmarck then told the HFPA that the film should be categorized as a comedy. HFPA President Phil Berk said, "Given the differing opinions, we asked the studio to screen the film for us in advance, and collectively, we decided that the elements of preposterous fun lent the film more to a comedy than a straight drama category."
The soundtrack CD of The Tourist was released on December 21, 2010.
|1.||"Tracking Elise"||James Newton Howard||1:29|
|2.||"Burned Letter"||James Newton Howard||2:21|
|3.||"Paranoid Math Teacher"||James Newton Howard||3:31|
|4.||"Arrival At Venice"||James Newton Howard||3:06|
|5.||"Elise Offers A Ride"||James Newton Howard||1:52|
|6.||"A Very Nice Kiss"||James Newton Howard||2:04|
|7.||"Bedroom Dreams"||James Newton Howard||2:58|
|8.||"Piecing It Together"||James Newton Howard||3:11|
|9.||"Rooftop Run"||James Newton Howard||5:18|
|10.||"Chase Through The Canals"||James Newton Howard||5:45|
|11.||"Because I Kissed You"||James Newton Howard||3:34|
|12.||"A Very Nice Hotel"||James Newton Howard||2:27|
|13.||"Arriving At The Ball"||James Newton Howard||2:04|
|14.||"Your Choice In Men"||James Newton Howard||2:04|
|15.||"Sudden Departure"||James Newton Howard||2:03|
|16.||"The Infinite Price"||James Newton Howard||7:30|
|17.||"The Janus Safe"||James Newton Howard||3:01|
|18.||"Rain Of Bullets"||James Newton Howard||1:29|
|19.||"Aftermath"||James Newton Howard||0:52|
|20.||"Elise & Alexander"||James Newton Howard||2:41|
|21.||"Personal Cheque"||James Newton Howard||1:57|
|22.||"Dance In F"||Gabriel Yared||2:42|
|24.||"No Fear of Heights"||Katie Melua||2:59|
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