In the next body paragraph, the writer used this source here.
We have two sentences that have this source, and they're both paraphrased.
So you don't see any quotation marks.
But the ideas came from the article that the student read.
Now notice this citation.
It says MacDonald et al.
Et al means that there were several other authors listed.
If your source has more than three authors, you can list all of their last
names, but we usually shorten it by putting et al.
Et al is Latin and it just means there are more, there are others.
Notice where the period is in et al.
It comes after the l.
There's no period after the t in et.
In the next body paragraph, the writer used that same source again,
but this time, for a quotation.
And notice the writer just used a small part of the quote with those
very specific words.
There's another source further down in the paragraph.
This is from a different source and here's the author's last name.
There's no quotation marks again because this is a paraphrase.
Notice that all of these sources are used as details in the body paragraphs.
None of them start the paragraphs.
Each paragraph has a topic sentence and then the quotations and
paraphrases are used as details to support that topic sentence.
The two synthesis essay questions below are examples of the question type that has been one of the three free-response questions on the AP English Language and Composition Exam as of the May 2007 exam. The synthesis question asks students to synthesize information from a variety of sources to inform their own discussion of a topic. Students are given a 15-minute reading period to accommodate the additional reading required for the question.
Below is a sample synthesis essay question, sample scoring guidelines, comments from the Chief Reader about the sample student essays, seven sample student responses, and scoring commentary for each sample.
Approximately 300 AP English Language and Composition students from eight schools in New York, Maine, Texas, Tennessee, Washington, Florida, and New Mexico wrote responses to this synthesis topic. Students from these schools were given a 15-minute reading period followed by a 40-minute writing period in which to complete the sample synthesis assignment.
An additional sample synthesis essay question is provided here.