Assignment Ict S070


1. Introduction

Open source software

(OSS) is defined as computer software for which the source code andcertain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders are provided under a softwarelicense that meets the Open Source Definition or that is in the public domain. This permitsusers to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms. It is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Open sourcesoftware is the most prominent example of open source development and often compared touser-generated content The term open source software originated as part of a marketingcampaign for free software. A report by Standish Group states that adoption of open sourcesoftware models has resulted in savings of about $60 billion per year to consumers

Open source hardware

refers to computer and electronic hardware that is designed in thesame fashion as free and open source software (FOSS). Open source hardware is part of theopen source culture that takes the open source ideas to fields other than software.The term has primarily been used to reflect the free release of information about the hardwaredesign, such as schematics, bill of materials and PCB layout data, often with the use of FOSSto drive the hardware.With the rise of reconfigurable programmable logic devices, the sharing of logic designs isalso a form of open source hardware. Instead of sharing the schematics, hardware descriptionlanguage (HDL) code is shared. HDL descriptions are commonly used to set up system-on-a-chip systems either in field-programmable gate arrays or directly in application-specificintegrated circuit designs. HDL modules, when distributed, are called semiconductor intellectual property cores

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